Feline Panleukopenia – Feline Distemper


Feline panleukopenia or better known as Feline Distemper, is a deadly virus your outdoor cat can contract. It is carried by the feline parvovirus. This virus can remain contagious in cages, litter boxes, and bowls for months to years. Cats are infected with this virus after ingesting the virus orally, usually from where another cat has defecated. It attacks the cat’s bone marrow and lymph nodes as well as the nervous and digestive systems. A very hardy virus, it can survive in an area for over a year, making it very easy to contract. As viruses are microscopic, they can be in the environment long after the cat that shed them, is gone. The best way to protect them is to vaccinate.


cat yawningThere are many signs of distemper in cats, and for those who know what to look for the symptoms are very obvious. Symptoms typically come on very quickly, often within five days of being exposed to the virus. For cats who have been exposed and contracted distemper, they are often rendered sterile. And for those fortunate ones that contract it and recover, they are still capable of passing the disease on to other cats for many months afterwards.

Some of the most common distemper symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, seizures, loss of appetite and fever. Cats that have frequent bowel movements with loose or bloody stools need to be examined by a doctor at once. While it may or may not be distemper, an exam by a vet is recommended.

Vomiting digested food is often a good indicator of the presence of distemper, as is the throwing up of bile from the liver. Like diarrhea, the vomiting can also contain blood. Both vomiting and diarrhea lead to dehydration, so a cat being treated for this disease is often put on intravenous fluids to replace any fluids that are lost. A fever of up to 107 degrees may also develop, prompting seizures that may last as long as five minutes. During a seizure, the cat may lose muscle and bowel control as well as have dilated eyes and rapid breathing. They will often stop eating, become depressed and even begin biting at their tails to the point of causing injury.


There are many ways feline distemper is spread. The most common ways are contact with bedding that has become infected, along with kennels, food and other animals. Owners can unknowingly transmit the disease to their cats by failing to wash well enough after coming into contact with infected items, such as bedding or food. In many cases, it’s common for people to carry the disease indoors on their shoes or clothing.

Unfortunately, distemper can strike cats young, old and others in between. Young cats are especially prone to the disease due to their immune systems not being fully developed. Kittens can get the disease before they are even born, contracting the disease while still in their mother’s womb.

Older cats, while able to get sick, have a better chance of resisting the virus due to their immune systems having a strong wall of immunity built up over the years. With all these risks, it’s no wonder this disease is one of the most feared in feline medical circles.


Unlike other viruses, using disinfectants to clean the affected area will not necessarily kill it. Therefore, it’s imperative to know how it’s spread, what to look for in a cat suspected of having the disease and what treatment options are available.

Recently, studies have shown that canine parvovirus can also be contagious to cats, but can be protected against with the current feline vaccines. The vaccines available for protection against feline panleukopenia are excellent and offer almost total immunity to the virus. Although an intranasal vaccine is available, the injectable vaccine is more effective. Younger cats are more susceptible to infection from this virus, and clinical signs include fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, and even death. Vaccination is highly recommended for all cats at 12 weeks of age followed by a booster in 2-4 weeks (3-4 weeks is ideal), then again in one year, then no more frequently then every three years.

While many cats die of distemper, it’s not an automatic death sentence. Just as many cats are able to recover from the disease as those who die, so with proper veterinary care a cat can recover and resume living a normal life. For the disease to be properly treated, the cat will need to stay at a veterinary hospital for several days or perhaps longer. IV fluids are given to keep the cat hydrated, and it is given a warm bed in an area with adequate air circulation.

It’s often kept isolated from other cats to avoid the risk of exposing others to the disease. The cat is fed several times a day in an effort to build up its strength, and a combination of antibiotics and vitamins are prescribed. Vitamins B and C are very important in treating distemper, for they focus on strengthening the cat’s immune system. If the cat’s white blood cell count is too low, a blood transfusion may be given to boost their energy level. The goal of treatment is to keep infection from taking hold and building up the cat’s immune system so that it’s strong enough to fight off the virus.


While feline distemper is a disease that requires a determined effort to treat and conquer, it is possible to see a cat once on the brink of death make a full recovery. If you notice your cat exhibiting any of these symptoms, take them to a vet at once for a full examination. The earlier a diagnosis is made and treatment is started, the greater the chances for a full recovery.

Feline Leukemia – The Facts

What is FeLV (Feline Leukemia)?

Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) is a virus that infects only cats and is fairly common. FeLV depresses the immune system and may lead to persistent infection in a cat. FeLV is an predominantly a cause of anemia in cats. It additionally can cause cancers of several types. It is found worldwide. It is transmitted through the exchange of bodily fluids between cats when fighting, grooming, sharing eating stations, and litter boxes. There is no treatment to eliminate the FeLV virus from the body once infected, and thus the disease is ultimately fatal.hypodermic needle and medicine

How Does a Cat Contract Feline Leukemia?

The most common way a feline can contract the disease is through saliva and casual contact with an infected cat such as biting, mutual grooming, sharing bowls, and even touching noses. Since this disease is highly contagious between cats, it is important to completely isolate new cats of unknown viral status. It is also important for humans to wash their hands when handling multiple cats. Kittens are more susceptible to FeLV. Cats who go into the our0of-doors are at greater risk of exposure. The virus can also be transmitted from mother to kittens. Kittens can become infected during fetal development or during the first days of life as their mothers nurse and care for them.

How Does FeLV Cause Disease in its Victims?

The Feline Leukemia Virus can cause bone marrow suppression. As one of the functions of bone marrow is to produce the cells of the immune system that fight off infection, this disease can result in a suppressed immune system. The immune system normally protects the cat from common infectious agents such as bacteria and viruses, that do not generally cause disease in healthy cats. However, if a cat’s immune system is weakened, as with FeLV, these same organisms can cause disease. This is known as secondary or opportunistic infection. Although the disease only affects cats, it is recommended that immunocompromised people such as chemotherapy patients and AIDS patients, not reside with FeLV + cats because these cats are they can infect these patients that are immunocompromised. This viral disease is also associated with the development of certain types of cancer such as lymphoma and leukemia, in affected cats.

What are the Signs?

  • Oral Signs

A cat may develop pale gums and/or a yellow color in the mouth. Some cats also develop stomatitis, meaning their gums become very inflamed and ulcerated.

  • Respiratory Difficulties

It’s easy to spot the warning signs of feline leukemia when the virus is settling in the chest. The cat will cough and have other signs of respiratory problems with gagging on phlegm that is being produced. Wheezing and a runny nose or eyes is also common.

  • Stomach Problems

When the virus settles in the abdomen, a cat may experience bloating and other signs of abdominal problems. The cat will also experience vomiting and/or frequent diarrhea which is usually accompanied by a lack of appetite.

  • Weight Loss

Feline weight loss is common when infected with the virus and appetite changes in a cat are always a reason for concern. In the case of FeLV these changes in eating habits are often the first symptom of the virus.

  • Lethargy and Weakness

Multi-centric (entire body) leukemia can show itself in several ways. Typically, malignant tumors begin to grow in various parts of the body. This causes the immune system to stop working and the cat’s overall health begins to deteriorate. She may show signs of listlessness, sleepiness or personality changes.

Associated Medical Conditions

As a cat’s immune system weakens, other symptoms you will see can include enlarged lymph nodes and an unhealthy appearance to the cat’s skin and coat. Your cat will become susceptible to other conditions which can include:

  • Infections of the bladder, respiratory system and skin, among other systems
  • Infections that are chronic and resistant to treatment
  • Fever
  • Sterility

Recognize the Final Stages of Feline Leukemia

In the final stages of FeLV, the cat’s health will be severely compromised by the infection. This leaves it open to developing other diseases and disorders not related to FeLV. With any of the following symptoms, there is a good chance the feline may be in the final stages of FeLV:

  • Persistent infections, such as in the respiratory system, ears and in the mouth and gums
  • Inflammations in the eyes
  • Weight loss that does not improve and no interest in eating
  • Constant diarrhea
  • Difficulty in mobility
  • Extreme lethargy
  • Bodily tumors and cancer, particularly Lymphoma and Fibrosarcoma
  • Seizures
  • Overall changes in his behavior

Not every cat that becomes infected with FeLV develops clinical signs or long-term complications associated with the virus. The immune system of some cats can eliminate the infection before the cat becomes sick. In other cats, the virus can “hide” in the bone marrow, where it is difficult to detect until it begins to cause problems later in life. Other cats become carriers of the disease or experience various illnesses and immune suppression before eventually dying of FeLV-associated complications.

cat at veterinarianHow is a Cat Tested?

A simple in-house blood test, or “snap” test have been developed to detect the presence of the FeLV. In general, these tests are very reliable, with almost 100% accuracy.

In some situations, a second blood test is needed for confirmation at a veterinarian office. If a cat tests positive for the virus, it could mean that the cat has FeLV or a false positive showed in the results. A positive test should be confirmed by an IFA test, which can be done at a full-service vet clinic.

If the IFA test is negative, it could mean that the cat is:

A) not infected with FeLV at all.

B) recently infected (up to 30 days ago) but won’t test positive yet, in which case a repeat IFA test should be done again approximately four weeks later to confirm.

Protection and Possible Outcomes for a Patient

FeLV positive cats must be kept indoors away from unaffected cats so they don’t spread the disease to other cats.  They should be spayed/neutered, provided with good nutrition, avoid raw diets, and need regular visits to their veterinarian. With proper care many FeLV cats can live months to years in good health.

Cats infected with FeLV have 4 different possible at veterinarian office

  1. A cat may succumb to the infection and develop FeLV associated diseases. The development of FeLV associated diseases such as bone marrow suppression or cancer poorly affects the cat’s prognosis.
  2. A cat may overcome the virus but the viral “DNA” is incorporated into the cat’s own DNA; these cats may or may not develop illness at some point in their lifetime. Those cats that are infected and have no clinical signs may remain asymptomatic for months to years or for life. These cats should still be considered contagious to other cats.
  3. A cat may completely eliminate the virus from their system
  4. A cat’s system could be confined / localized the virus to a small region of the body, such as a mammary gland. This is rare.

As it helps to keep cats  INDOORS, if they are also outdoors cats, make sure to have them tested and vaccinated.

Vaccinations are highly recommended for kittens and also for adult cats determined to be at risk (i.e. cats that go outdoors or encounter new cats that have not been viral tested).  Vaccinations will NOT interfere with testing for the disease.

Remember to isolate and test kittens or new pets, for FeLV, before allowing them to come into contact with your existing pets.


Feline Leukemia Virus (FELV) is a relatively common viral disease of cats. Some cats acquire this infection at a very young age by being born to an FELV-infected female cat, others contract this disease through direct contact with bodily fluids from another infected cat. Most cats with FELV lead full, normal lives, but these cats do have special environmental and health requirements and are susceptible to some health consequences once infected.

Welcoming a New Cat Family Member

Bringing home a new cat can be exciting and overwhelming. There is so much to buy and do, to get ready. Your new cat may be frightened and confused as she enters a new living space, but you can help to ease her transition by getting everything ready, taking good care of your cat, and considering any special needs she might have before you welcome her into your home for the first time.

Whether your new cat is coming from a shelter, a home, an urban street or a country barn, the first twenty-four hours in your home are special and critical. Before you bring a new cat into your life, it helps to understand a little bit about how cats relate to their world.

You can help make the transition to a new home smoother and easier by providing some privacy for your new cat. If possible, start by preparing your home before you bring in the cat.

First off make sure you have the key supplies ready for your new kitty before bring her/him home for the first time.

  • Food and water bowls
  • Food and treats (age appropriate)
  • Litter boxes (one for each cat in your house plus one extra)
  • Litter (fine grain, unscented, clumping litter is best)
  • A collar and identification tag with your cat’s name plus your name and phone number or address
  • A brush
  • Cat toys
  • Cat bed or furniture
  • Scratching post or cardboard scratching blocks
  • Cat carrier

Upon bringing your cat home choose a room in which to keep your cat. It may be best to confine your cat to one room when you first bring them home. This will allow her to adjust to the smells and sounds of their new home without being overwhelmed. Make sure you provide food, water, a hiding place, litter box and toys. After a few days, when your cat appears more confident, you can leave the door open and allow the cat to explore at their own pace.

cat eating at bowlFeeding Area.  Prepare your cat some food and fresh water as soon as you bring her home. Place the food and water someplace quiet, so that your new cat will not be disturbed. Avoid placing the food and water in a high traffic areas as this may prevent your cat from eating or drinking when she needs to. Make sure that the food and water are appropriate for the cat’s age. and that you change your cat’s water every day and check it often to make sure that your cat always has enough fresh, clean water.

Litter Box Area. Choose a room or section of the home for the litter box. Each cat should have its own litter box. Usually a bathroom works well for placement. Fill the litter box with a subsurface of baking soda and then pour one or two inches of litter over the base surface. There are a variety of litter choices on the market, from plain clay, clumping and scented clay, old pellet newspaper, absorbing plastics, and wood pellets. It will be up to you and your cat to figure out which works best.

Give your cat some toys. Cats love to play, so make sure that you provide your cat with some stimulating toys. Get a variety of toys for your cat, such as wands, ball toys, food dispensing toys, and catnip toys. Having several different options for your cat to play with will help keep her active, happy, and nimble. Add in some catnip to stimulate and help your cat play.

cat sleepingDesignate places for your cat to sleep. Your cat may decide that she prefers to sleep on the windowsill or in the laundry hamper, but you can encourage your cat to sleep in some designated places by providing her with some special bedding. Place a cat bed or some blankets on a comfortable spot where she will not be disturbed. Good places include a shelf, a rarely used chair, a basket in a corner, or a spot on the floor where the sun shines in through a window. Make sure to wash bedding often to prevent it from getting infested with fleas and/or ticks.

Set up scratching stations. Cats need to scratch to remove the outer sheath of their claws. You can trim your cat’s nails every 2-3 weeks to make them less sharp, but your cat will still need to scratch. To help prevent your cat from scratching your furniture, set up some scratching stations for her around your house. Place scratching posts and cardboard scratchers in rooms with furniture to give your cat something else to scratch.

cat in boxCreate a safe haven. Purchase a covered cat bed, but even a cardboard box turned upside down. Provide two “doors” by cutting into the walls. This helps provide more security so that they may have options in “escaping”. The box should be big enough for the cat to stand up, turn around, stretch out and lie down in. Keep it cozy! Place the box next to the wall or in a corner where the cat can see the door to the room to avoid the cat from feeling trapped. Place a sisal, cork or corrugated cardboard scratching post next to the box. Finally, make sure there is a high perch structure for the cat to sit on as felines are arboreal in nature.


Ultimately, the journey and transition for a new cat family member is a stressful experience for the animal. But, it can be made an easy one, for the animal, with the right preparation and thought. A simple, common sense list is needed including a feeding area, a resting area, a litter area and a play area. These will make the best new home for the cat. And of course, lots of love, attention, and long term commitment are required for the animal to feel secure for the duration of its life.

Only Natural Pet Product Review – EasyDefense Flea and Tick Tag and Prevention Kits

Flea and tick season are a never-ending battle for any pet owner. It’s a good idea to protect your pets with effective and safe products. As the next explosion of pests arrives it’s time to apply the best products for flea and tick prevention.
Only Natural Pet.Only Natural Pet

Many products exist out there and are effective, but are they actually safe for your pet?

Prevention comes in many forms including collars, sprays, spot-ons, pills, dips, shampoos, and powders. Some products you can buy over-the-counter chemicalscontain heavy ingredients such as permethrin, which can have serious side effects for your cat. These products are approved by the FDA, but there is more to the story. I have personally experienced my cats strong aversion to the application of these flea/tick prevention liquids on their nape. They run, they cry, they know what’s coming. It didn’t make me feel very good to forcibly apply harmful chemicals to my animals for the sake of pest control.

Commonly used pest prevention products for your pets cautions you to avoid contact on human skin, to avoid possible ingestion, to keep your pets separated after application, to avoid application on kittens, and to monitor for “side effects” in your pets. The list is long and scary.

Click It and Forget It!!

I started investigating better alternatives to the heavy and damaging chemical induced pest control options,  and discovered a great line of ALL NATURAL products by Only Natural Pet.

They offer a variety of effective products to ward off the harmful pests that can attack your pets. 

One product in particular has really made an impact for me. The EasyDefense Flea & Tick Tag, is very impressive. It is safe and chemical-free. This simple-looking hang tag, contains a
only natural pet tagpowerful dosage of silicone dioxide particles which are encoded with repelling frequencies that are irritating to biting insects.

The directive is simple. Once the tag is removed from its electro-magnetic shielded envelope and placed on your pet’s collar, encoded frequencies will synchronize with your pet’s own unique biological frequency, repelling fleas, ticks, mosquitoes and other biting insects, while also supporting their immune system. The process operates with quantum mechanic’s refined frequencies and is similar to the basic principles of homeopathy.

Encoded silicon dioxide particles are encoded with repelling frequencies that are irritating to biting insects.

It does NOT use traditional energy forms like electrical, chemical, thermal, magnetic, or radioactive. This hang tag, that easily attaches to your pet’s collar, will provide a barrier from fleas and ticks for a very long time, remaining effective for an entire year, even through the winter!!

Going natural is the most cost-effective protection available.

So as the cost may seem high, $59.99 (on sale now $50.99), it is worth it as it will continue working for an entire YEAR!!

Just click it, and Forget it!!!

The EasyDefense Flea and Tick Tag is the safest and easiest, best natural defense against fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes.





Too Late?

The EasyDefense Flea & Tick Tag is designed for flea prevention. If your pet is already infested by fleas, their environment is also infested.

Only Natural Pet has additional products to combat a flea infestation.

Only Natural Pet flea tick powder eliminatorEasyDefense All-in-One Flea Remedy is safe for your pets and for you.

$14.99 (on sale $12.74)

And if you want a complete product line, the Kit is available for all different ways to apply flea and tick prevention and killing infestations.

Powerful Kits

tick drawingSpecially designed to defend your pet from fleas & ticks during various stages of attack, Only Natural Pet also offers powerful EasyDefense Cat Flea & Tick Control Kits that have exactly what you need to keep pests and dangerous chemicals off of your pet.



The Protect Kit works with a powerful collection of protective ingredients, including a safe flea collar, botanical spray, flea eliminating powder and bio-energy.

  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Tag – silicon dioxide particles that are encoded with frequencies that are emitted over time
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Spray  -Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint oil 0.2% / Inactive Ingredients: Glycerin, Potassium Sorbate, Water, Hydrogenated Soybean, Citric Acid – 98.9%
  • EasyDefense All-in-One Flea Remedy – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint Oil 0.2% / Inert Ingredients: Calcium Carbonate, Isopropyl Myristate, Silica 98.9%
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Collar  – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.93%, Peppermint oil 4.4%, Thyme Oil 1.1% / Inert Ingredients: Nylon, Almond Oil, 1,2-propylene carbonate – 93.6%

The Ultimate Kit includes the entire flea & tick control line. The ultimate in natural flea & tick control, this kit offers a holistic approach to eliminating fleas, ticks, and biting insects without dangerous chemcials.

  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Tag – silicon dioxide particles that are encoded with frequencies that are emitted over time
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Spray  – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint oil 0.2% / Inactive Ingredients: Glycerin, Potassium Sorbate, Water, Hydrogenated Soybean, Citric Acid – 98.9%
  • EasyDefense All-in-One Flea Remedy – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint Oil 0.2% / Inert Ingredients: Calcium Carbonate, Isopropyl Myristate, Silica 98.9%
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Collar – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.93%, Peppermint oil 4.4%, Thyme Oil 1.1% / Inert Ingredients: Nylon, Almond Oil, 1,2-propylene carbonate – 93.6%
  • EasyDefense Barrier Bites –  Brewers Dried Yeast, Water, Flaxseed, Natural Turkey Flavor, Glycerin, Soy Lecithin, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Flaxseed Oil, Organic Alfalfa Meal, Gum Arabic, Wild Anchovy Oil, Pectin, Sodium Alginate, Garlic Powder, Natural Tocopherols, Sorbic Acid, Sodium Propionate, Iron Chelate, Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate, Manganese Amino Acid Chelate, Copper Gluconate, Niacinamide, Calcium Pantothenate, Riboflavin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Pyridoxine HCl, Zinc Gluconate, Methylcobalamin, Folic Acid
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Shampoo – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint oil 0.2% / Inert Ingredients: Soap (from Potassium Olivate and Laurus Nobilis Fruit Oil Soap and Potassium Cocoate Soap), Water, Wheat Oil 98.9%
  • EasyDefense Herbal Squeeze-On – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.95%, Peppermint oil 0.1% / Inert Ingredients: Almond oil 98.95%

The Prevent Kit utilizes important tactics, like bio-energy, supplementation with brewer’s yeast, sprays, and shampoos.

  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Tag – silicon dioxide particles that are encoded with frequencies that are emitted over time
  • EasyDefense Barrier Bites –  Brewers Dried Yeast, Water, Flaxseed, Natural Turkey Flavor, Glycerin, Soy Lecithin, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Flaxseed Oil, Organic Alfalfa Meal, Gum Arabic, Wild Anchovy Oil, Pectin, Sodium Alginate, Garlic Powder, Natural Tocopherols, Sorbic Acid, Sodium Propionate, Iron Chelate, Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate, Manganese Amino Acid Chelate, Copper Gluconate, Niacinamide, Calcium Pantothenate, Riboflavin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Pyridoxine HCl, Zinc Gluconate, Methylcobalamin, Folic Acid
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Shampoo – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint oil 0.2% / Inert Ingredients: Soap (from Potassium Olivate and Laurus Nobilis Fruit Oil Soap and Potassium Cocoate Soap), Water, Wheat Oil 98.9%
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Spray – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint oil 0.2% / Inactive Ingredients: Glycerin, Potassium Sorbate, Water, Hydrogenated Soybean, Citric Acid – 98.9%

The Repel Kit repels fleas, ticks, and other biting insects during the height of flea & tick season, preventing infestations and allergic reactions from even starting.

  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Tag
  • EasyDefense Barrier Bites –  Brewers Dried Yeast, Water, Flaxseed, Natural Turkey Flavor, Glycerin, Soy Lecithin, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Flaxseed Oil, Organic Alfalfa Meal, Gum Arabic, Wild Anchovy Oil, Pectin, Sodium Alginate, Garlic Powder, Natural Tocopherols, Sorbic Acid, Sodium Propionate, Iron Chelate, Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate, Manganese Amino Acid Chelate, Copper Gluconate, Niacinamide, Calcium Pantothenate, Riboflavin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Pyridoxine HCl, Zinc Gluconate, Methylcobalamin, Folic Acid
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Shampoo – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint oil 0.2% / Inert Ingredients: Soap (from Potassium Olivate and Laurus Nobilis Fruit Oil Soap and Potassium Cocoate Soap), Water, Wheat Oil 98.9%
  • EasyDefense Herbal Squeeze-On – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.95%, Peppermint oil 0.1% / Inert Ingredients: Almond oil 98.95%
  • EasyDefense Flea & Tick Spray  – Active Ingredients: Geraniol 0.9%, Peppermint oil 0.2% / Inactive Ingredients: Glycerin, Potassium Sorbate, Water, Hydrogenated Soybean, Citric Acid – 98.9%

The Only Natural Pet Kits provide the best protection for your pet in the out-of-doors. Repelling biting pests is essential for any comprehensive natural flea control program, especially during the height of the summer months.


As a consumer and a pet owner I have faith in the products from Only Natural Pet. The flea and tick prevention and treatment products are listed in this review. There are many great products to choose from including Vitamins and Supplements, Grooming and Cleaning, Cat Gear and Toys, and Health Concerns. The EasyDefense Flea & Tick Tag comes highly rated, and effective over a year’s time. Such great innovation and a comfort to know that your pet is not going to be affected by harsh chemicals but only natural and homeopathic-style mechanisms.

Stop the parasite invasion NOW!!!     Only Natural Pet

To Bathe, Or Not To Bathe

There are some conflicting views on the issue of giving cats a bath. Usually there is no great reason to bathe your cat especially a short-haired indoor cat. Cats spend a large percentage of their days grooming themselves by using their rough, barbed tongues. To remove dirt, odor and the elements, they lick dirt and debris off their fur. Long-haired types may require the occasional bath if their fur gets too oily from climate conditions and the individual tendency of the skin of the cat. Breeds of hairless cats like sphynxes, should have a weekly bath, because their skin can get greasy and dirty. A bath for a cat may be a necessary experience if they get into some dirt or oil, or have an unfortunate encounter with a skunk, heaven forbid!

cat licking AIt’s actually a myth that all cats do not like to be in water. Well, I suppose there are cats out there that will never allow a bath, but interestingly so, there are some that will accept the occasional bath and some that actually love it. Below are some basic preparation and steps to bathing your cat.




Have these items ready for your cat’s bath, as you do not want to have to run for a forgotten supply, after the bath has commenced:

  • Cat-friendly shampoo
  • Comb
  • Towels
  • Brush -for long haired cats
  • Pitcher or pouring container for rinsing
  • Rubber mat to prevent slipping in basin
  • A friends to help you

Your choice in cat shampoo will depend on the needs of your cat. If it has ultra sensitive skin and coat, a vet prescribed product may be in order. It is wise to follow the directions carefully. Make sure to use a good quality “tearless”, cat shampoo to prevent irritation on your feline’s body or sting his/her eyes. A good product is Only Natural Pet, Easy Defense Herbal Shampoo which is safe and gentle.

Steps to Bathing Your Cat

Step 1

Fill the sink or tub with approximately four inches of warm water. Be sure to check the water temperature before placing kitty into the bath as you certainly don’t want to burn your animal friend.

Step 2

Catch your cat! A cat who enjoys baths will no doubt cooperate and will go willingly into the bathroom, or wherever you are choosing to clean up. On the other hand others who are new to the procedure will be terrified and try to flee, sensing that something’s up. It’s best to be in a room with a door that closes to prevent an escape in a soapy, sudsy form. And remember to keep your cool, speaking softly and sweetly, so as to not stress out your cat.

While using both hands with a firm grip, gently and slowly lower your cat into the basin. Meowing and yowling at this point are normal. Just continue moving forward.

Step 3

If you would like to cover the cat’s ears with a kitty shower cap, and the cat will tolerate it, it can be put on before wetting the cat. Thoroughly wet your cat’s fur, avoiding your the face as much as possible. The saturation should be down all the way to the skin of the animal. At this point, gently apply some, not too much, shampoo on the skin and begin to rub and massage it into the fur creating a good lather in the process. You may want to use a soft toothbrush for a deeper scrub if needed.

Set 4

After a thorough lather and wash, it is now time to rinse off the suds. This can be achieved with using warm water poured out from a pitcher or by using a hand-held faucet nozzle with mild pressure. Thoroughly rinse off all of the soap. Do not leave any residue. If you do not completely rinse the cat from the soap an irritation could flare up on the skin, causing stomach problems.

Step 5

As a final cleansing step, you may want to wash your cat’s face. This can be simply done with a warm wash cloth without any soap added. A gentle motion will give him or her a stimulating massage. And it goes without saying that you should never spray you cat’s face with water or solution, or force dunk any cat’s head or face under water.

Step 6

After the above steps have been completed remove your sparkling clean feline from the basin and wrap him or her in a clean warm towel. Make sure there are no drafts and there is adequate licking b

Blow drying your cat’s fur is an option, but runs a risk of scarring the animal with the noise from the machine. Safely blow dry on a low, low setting, to prevent burns on the sensitive skin. It’s best to skip this all together if the entire bathing episode has been a trying one for the cat. Once your feline buddy is completely dry, give him or her a nice brushing or combing of the fur.

Completing the Ritual

It is perfectly normal for the cat to start licking its fur immediately after you’ve finished all your hard work!

Bathing one’s cat is not for everyone. Keeping calm is key to help your furry pal through the process. Talk in a soothing, sweet voice of reassurance. This will help you get through the steps and will create a positive experience to allow future bathing. Introducing the bathing ritual at an early age also makes things easier for an adult cat.




Do you bathe your cats regularly? Tell your stories in the comments below. Thanks for reading



One Fast Cat Exercise Wheel – Product Review

cat wheel

Product: One Fast Cat Exercise Wheel

Product Dimensions: 48″ diameter wheel, 10″ width tract wheels

Materials: 100% recycled plastic

What’s In the Box: track parts, wheel parts, 2 wheel rollers, leopard foam coverings, wheel covers, rubber mallet

Styles: Different styles to choose from: Black, Leopard

Price: $204


What happens When Boredom Strikes?

You get unhappy, energy built up, hyper cats! That’s what I have encountered many times with my cats, who are indoor/outdoor cats. When they are unable to go outside due to the weather or in my absence there seems to be a planned mayhem. Crazy running and rants are underway, yowling of discontent or frustration (they are all spayed and neutered), scratching with intensity on their posts, antagonizing each other, starting fights, begging for food without any real hunger, the list goes on and on. What does a cat guardian do in this situation?

Yes, there are lots of toys that can be used for distraction, as any cat owner has in their arsenal. But cats have a tendency of getting bored. They need interactive toys if you are not able to play with them. As I have blogged before, I am “all-in” when it comes to an interactive toy on the market.

For Everyone

One Fast Cat Exercise Wheel marries the interaction play and the exercise needed for a cat. It can be used by all ages of cats, and any size or weight up to 25 pounds. That is quite a range and a great selling point for those that have many cats ranging in age, breed, and size. The One Fast Cat exercise wheel is of distinction in this category because of a number of points.

  1. It is easy enough to assemble it by one person.
  2. It is lightweight for moving
  3. It’s wheel is covered with protective EVA foam that is a practical and comfortable cushion for cat’s paws.
  4. There is longevity and design improvements in the product, since it’s launch in 2014.


The designers, of the exercise wheel put a lot of thought into the physics, mechanics and convenience of the entire package. Now, there are those that will choose to make their own cat exercise wheel, unless you have the know-how, the materials and the time, the onefastcat wheel is a lightweight product made of recycled plastic. It is a reasonably priced item, and easy to put together.

How To Use

As this strange, large object may be daunting for an animal at first, there are ways to entice your reticent cat to jump in and on the wheel! If you have a cat that is not sure how to keep the wheel going you can use a laser light for it to chase or its favorite toy to jiggle a vit higher up on the wheel. Seeing an item that is worth chasing will enact the cat into running and the wheel will start spinning. Some cats know what to do right off the bat, others are not so sure. Each cat can go at it’s own pace either at a high speed, leisurely walk or anywhere in between. The cat will either jump off when done or stop moving it’s legs. Watch the videos below to see some cat’s reaction to the wheel.



The One Fast Cat wheel has been on the market for a couple of years and is now in its 4th generation of production. So this is good news for consumers. This exercise wheel is being fine-tuned over a period of time. As noted in the video (watch above) parts to the wheel are larger and wider for less construction, and prevention of wheels coming off the track. Sean, the creator/designer of the product is very much involved and is found in one of the videos in this blog. So as a buyer one can have confidence in this product as being safe and good entertainment and exercise for your cat family.

In summary

The best reasons to purchase a One Fast Cat Exercise Wheel are:

  1. Provides play and exercise challenge in one
  2. Cats of all ages, shapes and sizes can use it
  3. construction is very easy
  4. the price is right
  5. there is a 60 try it out and return if you are not satisfied
  6. product is always being improved with it being in its 4th generation
  7. active involvement from original inventor
  8. safe product

Do you own a One Fast Cat Exercise Wheel? What is your review of this products? Leave your comments below.

Product Review – Cat Toy – Cat’s Meow/Undercover Mouse!!

Undercover couse cat toy

Product: The Undercover Mouse or Cat’s Meow Interactive Cat Toy

Price Range: 15.00 to 25.00
Place to buy: Amazon
My Rating: 8 out of 10
Batteries Required: 3 AA Alkaline
Parts: plastic wand, wand attachment accessories, nylon cover, base motor





As the guardian of a young cat I was in need of an interactive cat toy that would keep the animal busy for a while. I have noticed that my cats like to try to catch wiggly things that are lurking or hiding from them. They jump and lunge to grab the mystery item under a rug or sticking out from under the sofa. Well, I found something that keeps my cat occupied and activated for a long time.

The “Cat’s Meow” or also known as the “Undercover Mouse”, is an interactive cat toy that moves a wand that is attached to a motor in the middle. The wand is covered by a sheath so most of it is hidden except for its red tip that is visible to the cat. It’s an oldie-but-goodie toy, that many cat parents have purchased.

The motor mechanism needs 3 AA batteries for operation. I recommend alkaline batteries for this high draining item. The base that holds the wand and motor measures approximately 8″ or 20 cm in diameter. The yellow nylon cover measures approximately 24″ or 60 cm in diameter. The cover can get damaged as the cat plays with its claws and teeth while grabbing the moving wand so replacement covers are available for purchase.

Fun To Watch

The wand spins around under the nylon sheath, teasing the cat to grab it, attack it, and catch it. This is a fun toy to watch in use by your cats as it is interactive to a high level. You can challenge your cat by choosing from four different motion settings. These settings include slow, middle, fast and random. I am partial to the “random” category just because it makes my cats move in fun directions, and they get to use their agility a bit more. There also are attachments that can be added to the wand to keep things interesting, including a feathered tip, and a mouse tail.

I thought this was going to be a great attention holder for my youngest cat Hunee, who is about a year old. It has proven to be true, but my older cats have jumped in on the fun and love playing the game as well. Just be aware that the savvy cat who can grab the wand fast enough, can also pull it out of its holding pin. It can be bit taxing to have to re-fasten the wand when it happens repeatedly. I recommend gluing the part into its position to avoid having to frequently re-connect it.

A “Must-Have” Toy

“Undercover Mouse” cat toy is a “must-have” item in my opinion for any feline household. It distracts cats of all ages and is easy to store as it comes apart and collapses fast and easy. The cost is reasonable for about $25.00 you can’t go wrong with giving your cat something for energetic play, and to keep him occupied on an indoor day or when you can’t be playing together.

Do you own an “Undercover Mouse” toy? Do your cats enjoy it? Leave your comments below.

Alternative Cat Litter – Many Options Today

starring cat

Cat litter. Not a very exciting topic, but the question does come to mind if there are any alternatives to the store bought, and commonly used clay litter. And why should this topic even be considered? There are a variety of reasons listed below.

1. Cost: As a cat(s) guardian, you probably know the high costs for cat litter all too well.
There are alternatives to those products that are much more economical.

2. Regular clumping clay litters are not bio-degradable: Clay cat litter can remain in a landfill for years not breaking down and degrading.

3. Unsafe chemicals: Traditional clay cat litter contains chemicals that are not exactly safe for you or your cat. Silica dust is one of the by-products that comes from clay particles and should not be inhaled as it has been linked to upper respiratory problems in humans and cats. In “clumping cat litters” sodium bentonite is mixed in. If a cat ingests  it can cause gastrointestinal distress that in some cases can lead to death. Also, the clay commonly used can be derived from environmentally destructive strip mining.

4. Messy: Clay litter will track all over your house because of the particles that adhere to your cat’s paws.

The good news is that there are alternatives these days.

I have listed some alternatives, for a safer household and an eco-friendly experience.

Great Choices

Frugal eco-conscious cat owners can repurpose everyday throw-away items to make their own cat litter. These would include sawdust and newspaper. (See below)

Oleg Pidodnya

DIY Newspaper Litter – 1. Shred newspaper in a paper shredder and collect it in an unused litter box.
2. Soak the paper in warm water mixed with a few squirts gentle, biodegradable dish soap. The shredded paper takes on a cooked oatmeal consistency. The paper won’t come completely clean, but the water will turn grey.
3. Drain the water (an old colander works wonders) and repeat the soaking process minus the soap.
4. Sprinkle baking soda liberally on the wet paper. Knead it in to the mixture (you might want to wear gloves to avoid getting ink on your hands).
5. Squeeze the remaining moisture out until it’s as dry as you can get it.
6. Crumble over a screen and leave to dry for a few days.
7. Once it’s dry, put about an inch and a half to two inches of the paper crumbles in the litter box. Scoop solids daily and change it once a week. It takes about a half an hour to 45 minutes to make a 2-3 week supply of litter.

To see how to use shredded paper for kitty litter watch this video.

  • Stove Wood Pine Pellets or Horse bedding – This is my preference as an alternative cat litter. These tiny pellets, are compressed wood shavings and they are very economical in price for around $5.00 for a 40 pound bag! Feline Pine is a branded equivalent but more costly.

  • Saw Dust – Besides being inexpensive, saw dust is easy to handle, lightweight has a pleasant odor, and is biodegradable and compostable.

  • Wheat Litter: This product keeps odors at bay through the power of
    Nicola DiStephano

    natural enzymes in renewable wheat crops. It has low-dust and therefore low-tracking in the house. An added bonus is its category of biodegradable and compostable. An example brand is SwheatScoop Natural Wheat Litter.

  • Corn Litter:  This is not as economical a choice for an alternative litter, but it is beneficial for your cats
    Malgorazata Ostrowska

    in its ability to easily clump and therefore easy to clean out of the box. Its clumping characteristic closely mimics that of clay litter. It also can be dust creating and doesn’t control odor as well as other alternatives such as wood pellets. Some brands include:Benevo Cat Litter, World’s Best Cat Litter, SwheatScoop Natural Wheat Litter.


Do you use an alternative cat litter listed in this article, or do you have your own system? Leave a comment below.

Advantek GFA Catch & Release Live Animal Trap Review – Rescue a Cat

trap imageProduct: Advantek GFA Catch & Release Live Animal Trap
Price: $29.99
Best Place to Buy: Tractor Supply
Large Trap Dimensions: 32″x 12″x 10″
Small Trap Dimensions: 24″x 7″x 7″
Warranty: Lifetime
My Rating: 10 out of 10

If you are going to rescue a cat that you see running around your area, you are going to need a safe way to trap it, both for you and the animal. An effective and humane trap is the Advantek GFA Catch & Release Animal Trap sold at Tractor Supply.

This fully assembled trap that measures is ideal for containing stray cats, but also can be used to rescue raccoons, woodchucks/groundhogs, opossums, armadillos, and other animals in this weight and size range.

A Bonus!!


It is a great deal with its bonus small trap that comes with the larger trap. These dimensions are best suited for catching and releasing chipmunks, squirrels, flying squirrels, rats and weasels, for relocation of the animal.

Having had the experience of capturing feral, and non-feral cats, I have found that this trap is just what I needed to get the job done. It has a step trigger in the rear of the cage. I entice the animal with food in the back area of the vessel, and the release works well to slam shut without a possible escape or injury.


The design of the trap, with its smooth edges prevents harm to the animal, which is what is preferred when catching a scarred animal such as a stray cat, that needs to be rescued and re-homed.

Storing the Advantek live animal trap is also easy enough, as it is lightweight enough to hang on a shed or garage wall through one of its mesh openings. Cleaning it can be done by hosing it down and letting it drip dry or pad it down with a rag. I have not experienced this item to rust in any weather. With its lifetime warranty, I don’t have to worry, although it has proven to be very durable and is thus a great bang for your buck!
I know I will be using mine for many years to come, for my cat rescues.

Have you rescued a cat to re-home or keep as a new family member? The Advantek Live Trap may be for you! Leave your comments below.


Do You Need Pet Insurance?

Pet insurance is an investment that can be the right answer if you want to be prepared for serious medical emergencies for your pets. Some believe that a simple savings account is enough to accommodate the unexpected, but some would encourage otherwise.

sick cat
Qing xiang Yee

“It’s puzzling why we are a nation so in love with our pets, yet so slow to embrace the concept of pet insurance,” says Kristen Lynch, executive director of the North American Pet Health Insurance Association (NAPHIA), the consortium representing the voice for this pet industry.

But when a pet medical emergency strikes, just how financially prepared are you?

A Wise Choice

Pet insurance reimburses more than 80% of vet bills and includes great packages to make sure your pet lives as long and is happy as it could be. In view of this, here are a few reasons why getting pet insurance is a wise choice:

  • Allows you to pick your veterinarian. Unlike human health insurance policies that may require you to use a specific health care provider, pet insurance policies allow you to obtain care from the veterinarian of your choosing. You simply provide the veterinary bill to the insurance company for reimbursement of qualified expenses.
  • Does not discriminate against any breed or age of pet. While it is advisable to obtain pet insurance as soon as you adopt your pet to obtain lower premiums, you can also insure your pet years later.
  • Provides an easy way to budget pet care costs. Pet insurance policies can be paid monthly, quarterly, semi-annually or annually. You decide which payment plan works best for you. Most plans offer discounts for additional pets in the household.
  • Prevents dipping into the family’s emergency fund. You can set up a pet savings account, but it can be tough to discipline one’s self from dipping into this designated account when you face life’s monthly expenses or other major unexpected ones.
  • Veterinary cost is rising. Today the average vet bills can get as high as around $500 to $3000 depending on your pet’s illness. While vets claim this inflation is a result of development in drugs and medical technologies, many pet owners can’t afford this price. Because of this many pets die of sickness or are not given proper medical care. Pet insurance gives you financial solutions from these pricey vet bills and helps you take good care of your beloved pet.
  • It can cover third-party liabilities. Got a an overly friendly dog that likes to run around and tear up other people’s yards? Many pet insured policies cover third party liabilities that will help you refund expenses if your dog ever wrecks someone else’s property or injures someone accidentally. This will help you cover the cost of expensive property damages.
  • Pet insurance offers flexible packages. You can buy a package that will fit your needs and your budget, choosing an annual maximum package, deductible, or reimbursement percentage for services such as veterinary exams, surgeries, therapies, breed-specific conditions and dog care.
  • It can cover your pet’s hereditary condition. A lot of pets suffer from serious health problems and congenital conditions during their lifetime. Some of these conditions are inherited or are caused by severe inbreeding. In this case, it is recommended getting pet insurance as early as possible. Many pet insurance providers include age limits or restrictions that may require you to pay an extra fee.
  • It can help you find your missing/stolen pet. Many pet insured policies cover the cost of advertising for your missing pet. They also take the responsibility of placing a reward for returning your lost or stolen pet. Today, there are many pet trackers that can also be used to track your pet’s location which is handy if your pet goes missing or is stolen.
  • It helps you save. If you have pet insurance, you can refrain from using your family’s emergency fund or your travel savings. This will save you thousands of dollars of unexpected costs in times your pet gets severely injured and may need surgery. Aside from injuries, pet insurance also covers various illness such as cancer, upset stomach, and diabetes.
  • Pet insurance coverage could save, and extend the life of your pet. It enables you to authorize the medical treatment your pet needs should he develop cancer or require surgery.
  • It delivers peace of mind. Just like any other kind of insurance, pet insurance gives owners peace of mind by making them prepared for any unfortunate event that may befall their pet-like sickness or accidents. It also allows them to choose the best medical treatment available so they never worry about their beloved companion’s health.

Do you have pet insurance? What do you think about the coverage you have for your pet? Leave a comment below.